Swollen Gum Causes and Fast Gum Pain Relief

Gum pains are quite normal in our lives. While some pains may indicate serious oral issues, others are just mild cases caused by either injury or hormonal changes. Common causes of gum pains include canker sores, brushing too hard and sometimes the sores may be caused by irritation from dentures or braces. Women experience swollen and painful gums whenever there are hormonal changes in their bodies, for instance, during pregnancy, menstruation and menopause.

These cases however are not serious and may be treated with simple homemade remedies. Serious cases require immediate medical attention from the dentist. Indicators of serious oral health problems include continuous bleeding and persistent gum pains for more than a week.

Swollen gums main causes:


Gingivitis is the most frequent cause of swollen gums that become red and bleed easily. The swelling is triggered by bacteria and although it looks like a small problem it can cause tooth decay or tooth loss unless you pay more attention on oral hygiene.


Periodontitis is an advanced state of gingivitis and it means inflammation around tooth. If gingivitis is not treated, your gums around tooth may swell and start isolate away from teeth forming spaces known as pockets. If these pockets are not treated they become easily infected and periodontitis can destroy the bones, gums and tissue that support teeth.
Not only this gum infection can cause tooth loss, it also can cause serious health condition as heart attack or stroke.

Nutritional Deficiency

Lack of vitamin B and C can cause swollen gums as well. Vitamin C is very important in repairing and maintaining teeth. Lack of vitamin C may be one of the biggest causes for swollen gums.

Mouth Infections

Mouth infections like herpes and thrush are caused by virus and fungi. These infections can trigger swollen gums. In order to cure these gums you would have to treat these mouth infections.


During pregnancy, there is hormonal imbalance in the body and the blood circulation may lead to swollen gums because of the higher blood flow in the mouth and gums.
As we already mentioned above, there are various swollen gums treatment that you can make at home. However, you have to consult your dentist and know the real cause of this condition.

Homemade remedies for gum pain

Kindly note that these DIY remedies are only for mild cases of gum pains. You should consult a dentist whenever you experience serious symptoms.

Rinse with saltwater

First, warm a cup of water- one cup is enough to do the trick and do not let it boil. Then, pour the warm water into a glass and add one tablespoon of salt and stir well. Take a mouthful of the water, swish, gargle, rinse and spit it out. Repeat this procedure, until the whole water is finished. Make sure not to swallow the water and this rinsing process should be done at least twice a day, until the pain and swelling subsides. The saltwater prevents growth of bacteria in the mouth, which may be the cause of swelling gums.

Gum compresses

You may either use hot or cold compresses to reduce gum pain. For the hot compress, soak a clean cloth in warm water and then rinse out all the water. Now, using the damp cloth, gently press it on the outside area of your mouth. Do not insert it directly to your gums. For the cold compress, gently press the affected area with an ice pack wrapped in a cloth. Alternate both compresses until the swelling and pain subsides.

Poultice made up of spices and herbs

Various herbs, such as clove and Spilanthes have analgesic properties and may be used to relieve gum pains. Anti-inflammatory herbs may help with the swelling. A good example is turmeric powder. There are many herbs and spices you can use, just make sure they have medicinal properties. To create a poultice, mix powdered herbs with some water to create a consistent paste. Then, apply it on the affected gum area for some time and then rise your mouth with water. Apply as often as possible, until the pain and swelling subsides.

Gum spray with essential oils

Essential oils are also great when it comes to curing gum pains. Clove, oregano and peppermint are few examples of essential oils with anti-inflammation, pain-relieving and blood circulation-boosting properties. To avoid contamination, use a clean spray container that has never been used before. Add water in the spray bottle and for each ounce of water, add five drops of the essential oils. You may then spray the liquid to the affected gum area.


Place a teabag in boiling water for at least 5 minutes and then remove it to cool off. Once the teabag is cool enough, apply directly to the aching gums for five minutes or more. For this treatment to work however, you have to select tea with anti-inflammatory herbs, such as ginger and chamomile. Black tea, green tea and hibiscus tea are also great choices, due to high levels of astringent tannins.

Medicated oral gels

There are many anesthetic gels in the market to help you get rid of gum pains. Some over-the-counter gels like Orajel and Anbesol numb and cure gum pains. They contain botanical compounds like clove and Spilanthes that help numb the pain. Read the instructions well, before applying the medication.

Pain killers

Our last recommendation is to use OTC painkillers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen and acetaminophen. The good thing about these home remedies is that you may use them separately or may choose to include more than one in your regimen. Painkillers are especially handy when the pains persist after applying the treatments.

When to consult a dentist

Note that these home remedies are only for gum pains. If you experience other symptoms other than gum pains, then it is feasible to consult a doctor. You should be alert for these warning signs: persistent and intense oral pains that interfere with sleeping and eating, bleeding gums and yellowing of internal mouth area. These symptoms may be indicators of serious oral problems like:

  1. Thrush- this is a yeast infection accompanied by yellowish coating in the mouth and throat. It also includes gum pain as a symptom.
  2. Gingivitis- this disease is characterized by sore, bleeding and inflamed gums that last for more than a week.
  3. Periodontitis- otherwise known as the periodontal disease, it is characterized by the following symptoms tooth loss, bleeding gums, swollen gums, receding gums and abscesses.

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